Acylcarnitine Profile, Quantitative and Qualitative, Plasma

Create a PDF of this page
Formiminoglutauric acid (FIGLU) will no longer be reported in the Plasma Acylcarnitine Profile. Any qualitative elevations of FIGLU will be noted in the interpretive comments provided. If you have specific questions regarding this analyte and/or a specific test result, please contact the lab at 855-831-7447. This change will be effective February 2, 2015.

Condition Description

Plasma acylcarnitine profile by tandem mass spectrometer provides quantitative evaluations of individual acylcarnitine species in the plasma. Different patterns of the plasma acylcarnitine profile can indicate the diagnosis of fatty acid oxidation disorders (MCAD, VLCAD, SCAD, MAD, LCHAD, and CPTII), as well as some organic acidemias (propionic acidemia, methylmalonic acidemia, isovaleric acidemia, glutaric acidemia type I, 3-methylcrotonyl CoA carboxylase deficiency, B-ketothiolase deficiency, etc). If the above diseases are suspected, this analysis is recommended in conjunction with plasma amino acid analysis and urinary organic acid analysis. Plasma acylcarnitine values are compared to age-matched normal values.

Indications

This test is indicated for:

  • Infants with a positive newborn screening result indicative of a metabolic disorder.
  • Evaluation of patients with signs of a possible metabolic condition, such as lethargy, vomiting, and failure to thrive.
  • Monitoring for individuals diagnosed with a metabolic condition.

Methodology

Electrospray Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MS/MS).

Detection and Reference Range

Detection

Test results should be interpreted in light of the patient's clinical and nutritional status.

Reference Range
Please click here for reference range.

Specimen Requirements

Type: Plasma

Specimen Requirements:

In sodium heparin (green top) tube: 1-2 ml

Sample should be collected while fasting or 2-4 hours postprandial.

Centrifuge to separate plasma and freeze.

Specimen Collection and Shipping: Ship frozen sample on dry ice with overnight delivery.

Special Instructions

Please indicate any medication or dietary changes on the test requisition.

  • Carnitine Concentration (CN) - Plasma and Organic Acid Analysis (OA) - Urine are used in the diagnosis and evaluation of patients with organic acid or fatty acid disorders.

How to Order